Michelangelo is considered one of the greatest artists of all time in Western Art. He was an Italian sculptor, painter, architect, and poet who lived in the Republic of Florence during the High Renaissance period.
Michelangelo lived at the palace of Florentine ruler Lorenzo the Magnificent of the Medici family. While there he studied under famous sculptor Bertoldo di Giovanni. The Medici family had a vast collection that exposed him to many of the great artists of past centuries, such as Giotto, Masaccio, and Donatello, as well as masterpieces of ancient Greece and Rome.
- Sculptures Pieta and David
- Frescoes scenes from Genesis on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel and The Last Judgment on the altar wall of the Sistine Chapel
- Architecture of St. Peter’s Basilica
- He died on February 18, 1564 at the age of 88.
- He was considered an expert in portraying the human form. He drew from life and studied the anatomy of human corpses.
- His style included complex, twisting figures and vibrant colors.
- The Creation of Adam is one of Michelangelo’s most recognizable works, however the fresco on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel depicts nine different scenes from the book of Genesis.
- Although his fresco of the Creation of Adam may be his most known work, the majority of his works are sculptures.
- A committee was created to decide on the placement of Michelangelo’s sculpture David (placed in front of the Palazzo Vecchio). This committee was composed of Leonardo da Vinci and Sandro Botticelli.
- His style helped lead to the later artistic movement of Mannerism, in which the human body was idealized with a deliberately stylized form of sophisticated art.
- Artist Raphael Sanzio was strongly influenced by the work of Michelangelo.